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OpenDaylight Controller:Gerrit Setup

This page is deprecated. We recommend following the Gerrit Guide instead for documentation on using Gerrit: http://docs.releng.linuxfoundation.org/en/latest/gerrit.html

This content is out-of-date and is considered deprecated. It is unlikely to be updated in the future either. Information here should be taken with that in mind.

Getting started with Git and Gerrit

Git is an opensource distributed version control system (dvcs) written in the C language and originally developed by Linus Torvalds and others to manage the Linux kernel. In Git, there is no central copy of the repository. After you have cloned the repository, you have a functioning copy of the source code with all the branches and tagged releases, in your local repository.

Gerrit is an opensource web-based collaborative code review tool that integrates with Git. It was developed at Google by Shawn Pearce. Gerrit provides a framework for reviewing code commits before they are accepted into the code base. Changes can be uploaded to Gerrit by any user. However, the changes are not made a part of the project until a code review is completed. Gerrit is also a good collaboration tool for storing the conversations that occur around the code commits.

The OpenDaylight source code is hosted in a repository in Git. Developers must use Gerrit to commit code to the OpenDaylight repository.

For more information on Git, see http://git-scm.com/. For more information on Gerrit, see https://code.google.com/p/gerrit/.

NOTE: You must have a Gerrit account before you can start contributing to the OpenDaylight project.

Setting up a Gerrit account

(I believe that these instructions are dated, as the Linux Foundation is now managing IDs, so these instructions need updating)

  1. Using a Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox browser, go to https://git.opendaylight.org/gerrit.
The main page shows existing Gerrit requests. These are patches that have been pushed to the repository and not yet verified, reviewed, and merged.

Gerrit landing page highlighted.png

NOTE: If you already have an OpenDaylight account, you can click Sign In in the top right corner of the page and follow the instructions to enter the OpenDaylight page.

Gerrit existing user signin highlighted.png

If you do not have an existing OpenDaylight account, click Account signup/management on the top bar of the main Gerrit page.

Gerrit link to signup page highlighted.png

  1. In the WS02 Identity Server page, click Sign-up in the left pane.

    There is also an option to authenticate your sign in with OpenID. This option is not described in this document.

Link to account signup at identity.opendaylight highlighted.png

  1. Click on the Sign-up with User Name / Password image to continue to the actual sign-up page.

Goofy image that links to account signup highlighted.png

  1. Fill out the details in the account creation form and then click Submit.

OpenDaylight account signup page highlighted.png

You now have an OpenDaylight account that can be used with Gerrit to pull the OpenDaylight code.

Generating SSH keys for your system

You must have SSH keys for your system to register with your Gerrit account. The method for generating SSH keys is different for different types of operating systems.

The key you register with Gerrit must be identical to the one you will use later to pull or edit the code. For example, if you have a development VM which has a different UID login and keygen than that of your laptop, the SSH key you generate for the VM is different from the laptop. If you register the SSH key generated on your VM with Gerrit and do not reuse it on your laptop when using Git on the laptop, the pull fails.

NOTE: For more information on SSH keys for Ubuntu, see https://help.ubuntu.com/community/SSH/OpenSSH/Keys. For generating SSH keys for Windows, see https://help.github.com/articles/generating-ssh-keys.

For a system running Ubuntu or Fedora/CentOS/RHEL operating systems, follow the steps below:

  1. Run the following command:
mkdir ~/.ssh
chmod 700 ~/.ssh
ssh-keygen -t rsa
  1. You are prompted for a location to save the keys (always use the default offered here), and a passphrase for the keys.

    This passphrase protects your private key while it is stored on the hard drive. You must use the passphrase to use the keys every time you need to login to a key-based system. Unfortunately this private key protection can sometimes get into the way, especially on Ubuntu (one of the symptoms is that when you get to the step 7 of the next section of this tutorial, you will get "Permission denied (publickey)." error message despite having the key registered with Gerrit correctly) so if you are not prepared to troubleshoot strange problems, start with a private key without a passphrase and once you are sure you configured everything correctly (and it works), you can add a passphrase to your key using ssh-keygen -p command.

Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/b/.ssh/id_rsa):
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
Enter same passphrase again:
Your identification has been saved in /home/b/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/b/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.

Your public key is now available as .ssh/id_rsa.pub in your home folder.

Registering your SSH key with Gerrit

  1. Using a Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox browser, go to https://git.opendaylight.org/gerrit.
  2. Click Sign In to access the OpenDaylight repository.
  3. Gerrit Setup - Gettting to Settings.jpg

  4. Click your name in the top right corner of the window and then click Settings.
  5. Gerrit Setup - Settings.jpg

  6. Click SSH Public Keys under Settings.
  7. Gerrit Setup Settings.jpg

  8. Click Add Key.
  9. Gerrit Setup Add SSH Key.jpg

  10. In the Add SSH Public Key text box, paste the contents of your id_rsa.pub file and then click Add.
  11. Gerrit Setup Show SSH Key.jpg

  12. To verify your SSH key is working correctly, try using an SSH client to connect to Gerrit's SSHD port.
    
    $ ssh -p 29418 <sshusername>@git.opendaylight.org
    Enter passphrase for key '/home/cisco/.ssh/id_rsa': 
    ****    Welcome to Gerrit Code Review    ****
    Hi <user>, you have successfully connected over SSH.
    Unfortunately, interactive shells are disabled.
    To clone a hosted Git repository, use: git clone ssh://<user>@git.opendaylight.org:29418/REPOSITORY_NAME.git
    Connection to git.opendaylight.org closed.
    
    

Note: With ubuntu you may face issue while doing ssh. Please visit this link again for troubleshooting problems: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/SSH/OpenSSH/Keys